In litigation, parties spend a great deal of time, energy and money reconstructing and deconstructing the past.
Litigation focuses on who is to blame and how they should pay.
Mediation focuses on what is needed for the parties to move forward.
Mediation acknowledges that human relationships are difficult and while there is usually fault to go around, assigning blame normally does not result in sustainable resolution.
In mediation, parties stand in the present and focus on the future.